To go to the beginnings of this printing systemWe must refer to before 1952, since flexography was known as "Aniline Press", which used this chemical for pigment inks. This process with Aniline later became the rotary system of Letterpress.
The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has banned the use of this chemical.
Subsequently, the MossType Corporation proposed to change the name after reviewing hundreds of proposals. Finally, there were 3 finalist options:
On October 21, 1952, the 14th Forum of the Packaging Institute, named the Flexographic Process as the winner, which has been used in the world until today.
This has been the most important fact, because it was where the concept of flexography emerged in the world.
His background is key to understanding why each of the variables in flexography today work in a specific way.
Below, you will see the timeline of this printing system.
This timeline will describe the most important events in the history of flexography.
Beginning of flexography history
1890 - First aniline press built by Bibby, Baron & Sons in Liverpool.
1853 - US Patent No. 9548 issued to JA Kingslcy for rubber plate printing compounds.
Flexography in the 1900's
In the early 1900s, the first corrugated machine by George W. Swift & Co.
1908 - First aniline press built by CA Holweg of Alsace Lorraine. British Patent No. 16519 in November 1908.
1909 - Introduction of vulcanized plates for printing on cardboard.
1910 - First central printing presses by Strachen & Henshaw and Windmoeller & Hoelscher from Germany.
1911 - First plastic plate developed by JW Alysworth.
1915 - Introduction of individual wrappers as bread bags. Approval of use of corrugated boxes for interstate commerce.
1925 - Patent No. 1,552,821 was awarded to Arthur Case for a flexible forms printing machine.
1930 - They developed the Cellophane. They were created las metallic inks, like reds, greens, blues, and blacks. Stan Avery develops pressure sensitive labels.
1931 - James J. Deeney developed a white pigment ink that gives opacity to transparent inks.
1937 - 3M introduces Scotchtape.
1939 - A mechanically engraved chrome ink metering roller named anilox roller It is introduced to the Aniline Industry by Doug Tuttle and Joe Viner.
1940 - Aniline printers can print above 48 mpm. Solvent inks were developed. First machine assembly and testing plate out of press.
1946 - Mark Andrews developed a 3-inch wide 2-color machine for the label industry.
1952 - Aniline name was changed to FLEXOGRAPHY for this printing process. The other two words that were discarded were Rotopack and Permatone.
1954 - The Polypropylene.
1958 - Flexographic Technical Association (FTA) is formalized.
1962 - Development of the Doctor blade with reverse angle.
1970 - The photopolymer plates of impression. UV light exposure It is used for the drying of the plates.
1975 - Double adhesive tapes with different resilience were developed.
1980 - Presses in-line dominate in labels. The laser begin to be used to record the ceramic coated anilox.
1985 - The Sarasota Herald Tribune is the first newspaper to print its daily edition graphically.
1990 - UV pigments for flexo ink began to be commercialized.
Flexography in the 2000's
2008 - Flexography dominates the flexible packaging sector with the 64% on the market
2012 - Created iFlexo Vision Graphics with the purpose of providing prepress solutions to the flexographic sector and contribute to the development of the history of flexography.